International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2005, Vol. 1(1) 8-27

Critical Pedagogy and the Visual Arts Curriculum in the Singapore Art Museum

Jane Leong

pp. 8 - 27   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2005.001

Published online: February 01, 2005  |   Number of Views: 353  |  Number of Download: 397


Abstract

This study explores the primacy of developing a critical pedagogy appropriate for art museum education, with particular reference to the curriculum in the Singapore Art Museum (SAM). To create conditions for a pedagogy which is meaningful to the experience of visitors, the art museum curriculum needs to empower visitors to construct and reflect about issues of identity and culture. The role that critical pedagogy might play in addressing the educational approaches in SAM is presented. Finally, the implications for practice are explored in the form of community-based art education. Together, it is argued that collaborative and interdisciplinary educational experiences should be the purpose and outcome for developing the Art museum as a vehicle / site for community empowerment.

Keywords: -


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Leong, J. (2005). Critical Pedagogy and the Visual Arts Curriculum in the Singapore Art Museum. International Journal of Progressive Education, 1(1), 8-27.

Harvard
Leong, J. (2005). Critical Pedagogy and the Visual Arts Curriculum in the Singapore Art Museum. International Journal of Progressive Education, 1(1), pp. 8-27.

Chicago 16th edition
Leong, Jane (2005). "Critical Pedagogy and the Visual Arts Curriculum in the Singapore Art Museum". International Journal of Progressive Education 1 (1):8-27.

References
  1. Apple, M. W. (1990) Ideology and Curriculum (second edition). New York and London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  2. Aronowitz, S. and Giroux, H. (1986) Education under Siege. London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bernstein, B. (1971) Class, Codes and Control, Vol. 1. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. [Google Scholar]
  4. Berry, N. and Mayer, S. (Eds.) (1989) Museum Education: History, Theory andPractice. Reston, Virginia: National Art Education Association. [Google Scholar]
  5. Binns, V. (Ed.) (1991) Community and the Arts: Australian Perspectives. New South Wales: Pluto Press. [Google Scholar]
  6. Blandy, D. and Hoffmann, E. (1993) Toward an art education of place. Studies in Art Education, 35 (1), 22-33. [Google Scholar]
  7. Bourdieu, P. and Darbel, A. (1990) The Love of Art: European Museums and their Public (L ’Armour de l’art: LesMusees d’ art europeens et leurpublic, original edition, 1969) English edn. Trans. Caroline Beattie and Nick Merriman, Stanford University Press. [Google Scholar]
  8. C.A.S.T. Brochure. Singapore Art Museum. URL: http://www.nhb.gov.sg/NR/rdonlyres/ A8D81523- 7B4A-43E8-9551-1A520DF80063/99/CASTBrochure1.pdf [20 December 2004] [Google Scholar]
  9. Chua, Beng Huat (2003) Multiculturalism in Singapore: an instrument of social control. Race & Class, Vol. 44 (3), 58-77. [Google Scholar]
  10. Davis, J. and Gardner, H. (1999) Open Windows, Open Doors, in Hooper-Greenhill, E. (Ed.) The Educational Role of the Museum. London and New York: Routledge, 99-104. [Google Scholar]
  11. Duncan, C. (1995) Civilizing Rituals: inside Public Art Museums. London and New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  12. Edward, P. A. (1996) Museums in Motion. California: Altamira Press. [Google Scholar]
  13. Gallas, K. (1991) Arts as Epistemology: Enabling Children to Know What They Know. Harvard Educational Review, 61 (1), 40- 50. [Google Scholar]
  14. Giroux, H. (1981) Ideology, Culture and the Process of Schooling. London: Flamer Press. [Google Scholar]
  15. Giroux, H. (1989) Schooling as a Form of Cultural Politics: Toward a Pedagogy of and for Difference. [Google Scholar]
  16. In Giroux H. and McLaren, P. (Eds.) Critical Pedagogy, The State, and Cultural Struggle. New York: State University of NY, 125-151. [Google Scholar]
  17. Giroux, H. (1992) Border Crossings: Cultural Workers and the Politics of Education. New York and London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  18. Greene, M. (1988) The artistic-aesthetic and curriculum. Curriculum Inquiry, 6 (4), 283-96. [Google Scholar]
  19. Grundy, S. (1987) Curriculum: Product or Praxis. London: Falmer Press. [Google Scholar]
  20. Habermas, J. (1972) Knowledge and Human Interests, 2nd. ed. London: Heinemann.  [Google Scholar]
  21. Hein, G. E. (1998) Learning in the Museum. New York and London: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  22. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (1991) Museum and Gallery Education. Leicester: Leicester University Press. [Google Scholar]
  23. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (1994) Museum and their Visitors. London and New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  24. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (1999a) Learning in art museums: strategies of interpretation, in E. Hooper- [Google Scholar]
  25. Greenhill. (Ed.) The Educational Role of the Museum. London and New York: Routledge, 44-45. [Google Scholar]
  26. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (1999b) Education, communication and interpretation: towards a critical pedagogy in museums, in E. Hooper-Greenhill (Ed.) The Educational Role of the Museum, (2nd edition). London and New York: Routledge, 3-27. [Google Scholar]
  27. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (2000a) Museums and the Interpretation of Visual Culture. London and New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  28. Hooper-Greenhill, E. (2000b) Changing Values in the Art Museum: rethinking communication and learning. International Journal of Heritage Studies, vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 9-31. [Google Scholar]
  29. Jeyaretnam, P. (2000) Foreword, in Gomez, J. Self-Censorship: Singapore ’s Shame. Singapore: Think Centre, vii-ix. [Google Scholar]
  30. Kaplan, F.E.S (1996) (Ed.) Museums and the Making of “Ourselves ”: The Role of Objects in National Identity. London and New York, Leicester University Press. [Google Scholar]
  31. Karp, I., Kreamer, C.M. and Lavine S.D. (1992) (Eds) Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press. [Google Scholar]
  32. Kong, Lily. (2000) Cultural Policy in Singapore: negotiating economic and socio-cultural agendas. Geoforum (31), 409-424. [Google Scholar]
  33. Kuo Pao Kun (1998) Contemplating an Open Culture: Transcending Multiracialism, in: A. Mahizhnan and Lee Tsao Yuan (Eds.) Singapore: Re-Engineering Success. Singapore, Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
  34. Kuo Pao Kun (1999) Re-Positioning the Arts. Esplanade: The Arts Magazine, (Nov/Dec) Singapore Arts Centre, 19-22. [Google Scholar]
  35. Kwok Kian-Woon (1993) The Problem of ‘Tradition’ in Contemporary Singapore, in: A. Mahizhnan (Ed.) Heritage and Contemporary Values. Singapore: Times Academic Press. [Google Scholar]
  36. Lee Weng Choy (1999), Misunderstanding Art, ARTAsiaPacific, Issue 23. Sydney: Australian Humanities Research Foundation, 42-43. [Google Scholar]
  37. Leistyna, P. and Woodrum, A. (1996) Context and Culture: What is Critical Pedagogy, in Leistyna, P., Woodrum, A., Sherblom A. (Eds.) Breaking Free. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Educational Review, 1-11. [Google Scholar]
  38. Lenzi, Iola (1999) Process and Politics ARX5: The fifth Artists’ Regional Exchange. ART AsiaPacific, Issue 23. Sydney: Australian Humanities Research Foundation, 40-41. [Google Scholar]
  39. Leong, J. (1997) ‘Towards a New Partnership: Art Museum-School Relationships in Singapore’, paper presented at the Asian Pacific Confederation for Art Education Conference, Melbourne, Australia. [Google Scholar]
  40. Leong, J. (2003) Art Museum Education in Singapore, in Xanthoudaki, M., Tickle, L. and Sekules, V. (Eds) Research Visual Arts Eduction in Museums and Galleries. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 49-64. [Google Scholar]
  41. Luca, M. (1973) The Museum as Educator, in Museums, Imagination and Education, Paris: UNESCO, 145-8. [Google Scholar]
  42. Lumley, R. (1988) The Museum Time Machine. London: Comedia/Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  43. Marche, T. (1998) Looking Outward, Looking In: Community in Art Education. Art Education, 51 (3), 6-13. [Google Scholar]
  44. Merriman, N. (1997) Museum Visiting as a Cultural Phenomenon, in: P. Vergo (Ed.) The New Museology. London, Reaktion Books. [Google Scholar]
  45. Miedema, S. and Wardekker, W. L. (1999) Emergent Identity versus Consistent Identity: Possibilities for a Postmodern Repoliticization of Critical Pedagogy, in Popkewitz, T. S. and Fendler, L. (eds.) Critical Theories in Education: Changing Terrains of Knowledge and Politics. New York and London: Routledge, 67-83. [Google Scholar]
  46. Morrison, K. R. B. (1995) Habermas and the Sociology of Knowledge (unpublished Ph.D thesis, University of Durham), Ch. 10 & Appendix A. pp. 185-208, 438-441. [Google Scholar]
  47. Morrison, K. R. B. (1996) Habermas and Critical Pedagogy. Critical Pedagogy Networker. 9 (2), 1-7. [Google Scholar]
  48. Pereira, K. (2001) Curate: Examining the Power of Curatorship and Viewership Processes involved in Exhibitions in Singapore Museums. (unpublished B.A. Honours Academic Exercise), Singapore: National Institute of Education. [Google Scholar]
  49. Perkins, D.N. (1994) The Intelligent Eye: Learning to Think by Looking at Art. California: Getty Center for Education in the Arts. [Google Scholar]
  50. Roberts, L. S. (1997) From Knowledge to Narrative: Educators and the Changing Museum. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press. [Google Scholar]
  51. Singapore National Heritage Board (SNHB), Audience survey. URL:http://web.nhb.gov.sg/ [Google Scholar]
  52. About NHB/support/support.html [5 June 2000] [Google Scholar]
  53. Swartz, E. (1996) Emancipatory knowledge: a postcritical response to ‘standard’ school knowledge. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 28 (4), 397-418. [Google Scholar]
  54. Tamney, J.B. (1996) The Struggle Over Singapore ’s Soul: Western Modernization and Asian Culture. [Google Scholar]
  55. Berlin and New York, Walter de Gruyter. [Google Scholar]
  56. Wright, P. (1997) “The Quality of Visitor’s Experiences in Art Museums” in P. Vergo (Ed.) The New Museology. London: Reaktion Books. [Google Scholar]
  57. Yokley, S. H. (1999) Embracing a Critical Pedagogy in Art education. Art Education, 52 (5), 18-24.  [Google Scholar]