International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2010, Vol. 6(2) 27-47

A Qualitative Investigation of Adult Imprudent   Behaviour

Ayse Aypay

pp. 27 - 47   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2010.008

Published online: June 15, 2010  |   Number of Views: 40  |  Number of Download: 300


Imprudent behavior, indolence, dilatoriness, being unable to predict the result of behavior, perceiving probable harm far less than its magnitude based upon cognitive distortion, and suchlike are some reasons that lead individuals to indulge in risky behaviors without taking precautionary measures and to look for simple and easy solutions which do not require a radical change in habitual behaviors.   The goal of     this study is to evaluate adults’ tendency to behave prudently/imprudently, their awareness of their behavioral tendency, their observations and ideas of social and environmental responses to their behavioral tendencies, and  to  explore  the  reasons why they behave prudently/imprudently. Data were collected through in-depth interviews in late spring 2006. The results were analyzed using a descriptive methodology. The sample of the study consisted of 25 individuals including doctors, nurses, teachers and firemen. Findings indicate  that imprudent  behavior is  the  result  of a cultural aspect in Turkish society; some variables of which may cause adult imprudent behavior.

Keywords: Imprudent behavior, behavioral tendency

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Aypay, A. (2010). A Qualitative Investigation of Adult Imprudent   Behaviour . International Journal of Progressive Education, 6(2), 27-47.

Aypay, A. (2010). A Qualitative Investigation of Adult Imprudent   Behaviour . International Journal of Progressive Education, 6(2), pp. 27-47.

Chicago 16th edition
Aypay, Ayse (2010). "A Qualitative Investigation of Adult Imprudent   Behaviour ". International Journal of Progressive Education 6 (2):27-47.

  1. Adler, N., Kegeles, S.M. and Genevro, J.L. (1994). Risk Taking and Health. In J.F. Yates (Ed.), Risk-Taking Behavior (p.231-256). New York: John Wiley  &  Sons. [Google Scholar]
  2. Anderson, C.J. (2003). The Psychology of Doing Nothing: Forms of Decision Avoidance Result from Reason and Emotion. Psychological Bulletin, 129 (1), 139-167. [Google Scholar]
  3. Arnett, J.J. and Balle-Jensen L. (1993). Cultural Bases of Risk Behavior: Danish Adolescents. Child Development, 64 (6),  1842-1855. [Google Scholar]
  4. Aypay,   A.   (2007).   Yetişkinlerin   Tedbirsiz   Davranmasını   Belirleyen     Etkenlerin İncelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış doktora tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi,   Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  5. Blanton, H., Axsom, D., McClive, K.P. and Price, S. (2001). Pessimistic Bias in Comparative Evaluations: A Case of Perceived Vulnerability to the Effects of Negative Life Events. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27 (12), 1627-1636. [Google Scholar]
  6. Brown, A.L., Messman-Moore, T.L., Miller, A.G. and Stasser, G. (2005). Sexual Victimization in Relation to Perceptions of Risk: Mediation, Generalization,  and Temporal Stability. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31 (7), 963-976. [Google Scholar]
  7. Brown, S.L. and Imber, A. (2003) The Effect of Reducing Opportunities  for  Downward Comparison on Comparative Optimism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33 (5), 1058-1  068. [Google Scholar]
  8. Campbell, J., Greenauer, N., Macaluso, K. and End, C. (2007). Unrealistic Optimism   in Internet Events. Computers in Human Behavior, 23 (3),   1273-1284. [Google Scholar]
  9. Chambers, J.R., Windschitl, P.D. and Suls, J. (2003). Egocentrism, Event Frequency, and Comparative Optimism: When What Happens Frequently is “More    Likely to Happen to Me”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29 (11), 1343- 1356. [Google Scholar]
  10. Conner, M. (2005). Predicting Health Behaviour. (Second edition). Berkshire, GBR: McGraw-Hill Education. [Google Scholar]
  11. Çok, F., Gray, E.A. and Ersever, H. (2001). Turkish University Students’ Sexual Behaviour, Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions of Risk Related to  HIV/AIDS. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 3 (1),  81-99. [Google Scholar]
  12. Düdüklü Bomba. (14 Eylül 2002). Sabah  Gazetesi. [Google Scholar]
  13. Emerson, J. (2001). Understanding risk: The social entrepreneur,  and  risk  management. In J.G. Dees, J.Emerson, & P. Economy (Eds.), Enterprising nonprofits: A toolkit for social entrepreneurs (pp. 125-160). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  14. Emniyet Kemeri Takmadı, Öldü. (01 Temmuz 2007). Sabah   Gazetesi. [Google Scholar]
  15. Feldman, R.S. (1985). Social Psychology: Theories, Research, and Applications. New York: McGraw-Hill Book  Company. [Google Scholar]
  16. Gidycz, C.A., McNamara, J.R. and Edwards, K.M. (2006). Women’s Risk Perception and Sexual Victimization: A Review of The  Literature.  Aggression  and  Violent Behavior, 11 (5),  441-456. [Google Scholar]
  17. Hahn, A. and Renner, B. (1998). Perception of Health Risks: How Smokers Status Affects Defensive Optimism. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 11 (2),   93-112. [Google Scholar]
  18. Higgins, N.C., Amand, M.D.ST. and Poole, G.D. (1997). The Controllability of Negative Life Experiences Mediates Unrealistic Optimism. Social Indicators Research, 42 (3), 299-323. [Google Scholar]
  19. Higgins, N. C. and J. E. Watson. (1995). Unrealistic Optimism as a Function of Repeated Victimization. Canadian Psychology, 36,  122. [Google Scholar]
  20. Hoorens, V. (1995). Self-Favoring Biases, Self-Presentation, and the Self-Other Asymmetry in Social Comparison. Journal of Personality, 63 (4),   793-817. [Google Scholar]
  21. İhmal Hayat Işıklarını Söndürdü (18 Aralık 2007). Hürriyet   Gazetesi. [Google Scholar]
  22. Klar, Y. (1999). Are Most People Happier than Their Peers, or Are They Just Happy?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25 (5),   586-595. [Google Scholar]
  23. Krieger, J.L., Parrott, R.L. and Afifi, W.A. (2006). The Role of Perceived Control in Alcohol Prevention Campaigns. Communication Research Reports, 23 (4), 239-249. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kruger, J. (1999). Lake wobegon Be Gone! the “Below-Average Effect” and the Egocentric Nature of Comparative Ability Judgments. Journal of Personality  and Social Psychology, 77 (2),  221-232. [Google Scholar]
  25. Kruger, J. and Burrus, J. (2004). Egocentrism and Focalism in Unrealistic Optimism (and Pesimism). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40 (3),   332-340. [Google Scholar]
  26. Kümbetoğlu,  B.  (2005). Sosyolojide ve Antropolojide Niteliksel Yöntem ve  Araştırma. İstanbul: Bağlam yayıncılık. [Google Scholar]
  27. McKenna, F.P. and Albery, I.P. (2001).  Does  Unrealistic  Optimism  Change  Following a Negative Experience?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31 (6), 1146-1157. [Google Scholar]
  28. Meeriam-Webster (2008). [On-line] Web: http://www.Merriam- imprudent adresinden 5 Ocak  2008  tarihinde  alınmıştır. [Google Scholar]
  29. McKenna, F.P. (1993). It Won’t Happen to Me: Unrealistic Optimism or Illusion of Control?. British Journal of Psychology, 84 (1),  39-50. [Google Scholar]
  30. Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994). An  Expanded  Sourcebook:  Qualitative  Data Analysis (2nd ed.). London: SAGE  Puplications. [Google Scholar]
  31. Nelson, T. M., Evelyn, B. and Taylor, R. (1992). Experimental Intercomparisons of Younger and Older Driver Perceptions. International Journal of Aging and Human Development,   36 (3): 239–253. [Google Scholar]
  32. Neuendorf, K.A. (2002). The Content  Analysis  Guidebook.  London:  Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  33. Peretti-Watel, P. (2003). Neutralization Theory and the Denial of  Risk:  Some  Evidence from Cannabis Use Among French Adolescents. British Journal of Sociology, 54 (1), 21-42. [Google Scholar]
  34. Perloff, L.S. (1987). Social Comparison and Illusions of Invulnerability to Negative  Life Events. In C.R. Snyder and C.E. Ford (Eds.), Coping with Negative Life Events: Clinical and Social Psychological Perspectives (P. 217-242). New  York: Plenum. [Google Scholar]
  35. Tosya'da Trafik Kazası; 2 Ölü. (14 Ekim 2005). Hürriyet   Gazetesi. [Google Scholar]
  36. Trimpop, R.M. (1994). The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior. New York: North- Holland. [Google Scholar]
  37. Türk Dil Kurumu. (2005). Türkçe Sözlük (Onuncu baskı). Ankara:   TDK. [Google Scholar]
  38. Tyler, T.R. and Cook, F.L. (1984). The Mass Media and Judgments of Risk: Distinguishing Impact on Personal and Societal Level Judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47 (4),  693-708. [Google Scholar]
  39. Weinstein, N.D. (1980). Unrealistic Optimism about Future Life Events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39 (5),  806-820. [Google Scholar]
  40. Weinstein, N.D. (1989). Effects of Personal Experience on Self-Protective    Behaviour. Psychological Bulletin, 105 (1),  31-50. [Google Scholar]
  41. 7 Yaşında, 2 Yaşındaki Kardeşini Vurdu. (2007). CNNTURK İnternet  Sitesi.  [On-  line] Web: D=286854). adresinden 15 Ocak 2007 tarihinde  alınmıştır. [Google Scholar]
  42. Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2000). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (2. baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık San. ve Tic.  A.Ş. [Google Scholar]
  43. Zuckerman, M. (1990). The Psychology of Sensation Seeking. Journal of Personality, 58 (1),  313-345. [Google Scholar]
  44. Zuckerman, M. (1994). Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking. New York: Cambridge  Press. [Google Scholar]
  45. Zuckerman, M. (2000). Are You a Risk Taker? Do You Drink and Drive, Gamble, or Sleep with Strangers? It’s Not. Psychology Today, 33 (6),   52-57. [Google Scholar]