International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2014, Vol. 10(3) 34-46

How the attachment styles associated with Student Alienation: The Mediation Role of Emotional Well-being

Ercan Kocayörük, Ersin Uzman, & Abdullah Mert

pp. 34 - 46   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2014.002

Published online: October 15, 2014  |   Number of Views: 4  |  Number of Download: 20


Abstract

The present study examined emotional well-being as a mediator between parental attachment (mother and father) and student alienation. A total of 227 high school students from the city of Ankara completed the self-report measures of parental attachment, positive and negative affect, and alienation. Using structural equation modeling, a model was examined in which emotional well-being mediated the link between parental attachment and alienation feeling of students. Results from structural equation modeling analyses indicated that emotional well-being fully mediated the relationship between attachment to parents (both mother and father) and student alienation. These findings suggested that parental attachment has an effect to reduce feeling of alienation by promoting high  level of emotional well-being.

Keywords: Attachment, parents, emotional well-being, adolescents, student alienation


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Kocayoruk, E., Uzman, E. & Mert, A. (2014). How the attachment styles associated with Student Alienation: The Mediation Role of Emotional Well-being . International Journal of Progressive Education, 10(3), 34-46.

Harvard
Kocayoruk, E., Uzman, E. and Mert, A. (2014). How the attachment styles associated with Student Alienation: The Mediation Role of Emotional Well-being . International Journal of Progressive Education, 10(3), pp. 34-46.

Chicago 16th edition
Kocayoruk, Ercan, Ersin Uzman and Abdullah Mert (2014). "How the attachment styles associated with Student Alienation: The Mediation Role of Emotional Well-being ". International Journal of Progressive Education 10 (3):34-46.

References
  1. Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., Bell, K. L, & O’Connor, T. G. (1994).Longitudinal assessment of autonomy and relatedness in adolescent–family interactions as predictors of adolescent ego development and self-esteem.Child Development, 65, 179-194. [Google Scholar]
  2. Allen, J. P., Marsh, P., McFarland, C., McElhaney, K. B., Land, D. J. & Jodl, K. M., & Peck, S. (2002). Attachment and autonomy as predictors of the development of social skills and delinquency during midadolescence. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 70(1), 56 – 66. [Google Scholar]
  3. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423. [Google Scholar]
  4. Armsden, G.C., & Greenberg, M.T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427–454. [Google Scholar]
  5. Aviezer, O., Sagi, A., Resnick, G., &Gini, M. (2002). School competence in young adolescent children: The impact of early attachment relationships. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 397-409. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bartholomew, K. (1993). From childhood to adult relationships: Attachment theory and research. In S. Duck (Ed.).Understanding relationship processes 2: Learning about relationships (pp. 30-62), Beverly Hills: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  7. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and Loss, Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books. [Google Scholar]
  8. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books. [Google Scholar]
  9. Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Book. [Google Scholar]
  10. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1974). The origins of alienation.Scientific American, 231, 2, 53-61. [Google Scholar]
  11. Case, J., M. (2008).Alineation and engagement: developmental of an alternative theoretical framework for understanding student learning. Higher Education, 55, 321-332. [Google Scholar]
  12. Chamberlain, J. M.&Haaga, D. A. F. (2001).Unconditional self-acceptance and psychological health.Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 19(3), 163-176. [Google Scholar]
  13. Cheng, H., &Furnham, A. (2003).Attributional style and self-esteem as predictors of psychological well-being. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 16(2), 121-130. [Google Scholar]
  14. Coleman, P. K. (2003). Perceptions of parent-child attachment, social self-efficacy, and peer relationships in middle childhood. Infant and Child Development, 12(4), 351-368. [Google Scholar]
  15. Cotton, S. J., Dollard, M. F., & De Jonge, J. (2002). Stress and student job design: satisfaction, well- being, and performance in university students. International Journal of Stress Management, 9(3), 147-162. [Google Scholar]
  16. Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., &Oishi, S. (2002). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Thehandbook of positive psychology (pp. 63- 73). New York: Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
  17. Ducharme, J., Doyle, A., B., &Markiewicz, D. (2002). Attachment security with mother and father: Associations with adolescents’ reports of interpersonal behavior with parent and peer. Journal  of Social and Personal Relationship, 19(2), 203-231. [Google Scholar]
  18. Edwards, O. & Ray, S. (2008). An attachment and school satisfaction framework for helping children raised by grandparents. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(1), 125-138. [Google Scholar]
  19. Finn, J. D. (1989). Withdrawing from school.Review of Educational Research, 59(2), 117-142. Gençöz, T. (2000). Pozitif ve negatif duygu ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması, Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 15(46), 19-26. [Google Scholar]
  20. Granot, D., &Mayseless, O. (2001).Attachment security and adjustment to school in middle childhood. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 25 (26), 530–541. [Google Scholar]
  21. Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2001).Happiness, introversion-extraversion and happy introverts.Personality and Individual Differences, 30(4), 595-608. [Google Scholar]
  22. Hu, L. T. &Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55. [Google Scholar]
  23. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: User’s reference guide. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kaplan, A., &Maehr, M. L. (1999).Achievement goals and student well-being.Contemporary Educational Psychology, 24(4), 330-358. [Google Scholar]
  25. Kennedy, J. H. & Kennedy, C. E. (2004). Attachment theory: Implications for school psychology. Psychology in the School, 41(2), 247-259. [Google Scholar]
  26. Kishton, J. M., &Widaman, K. F. (1994).Unidimensional versus domain representative parceling of questionnaire items: An empirical example. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 54(3), 757–765. [Google Scholar]
  27. Kocayörük, E. &Sümer, Z. H. (2009). The effects of father involvement training on family functioning and adolescents’ peer relations. Journal of Theory and Practice in Education, 5(1), 3-17. [Google Scholar]
  28. Kocayörük, E. (2010). A Turkish adaptation of the inventory of parent and peer attachment: The reliability and validity study. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 40, 131-153. [Google Scholar]
  29. Laible, D. J, Carlo, G. &Roesch, S. C. (2004). Pathways to self-esteem in late adolescence: The role of parent and peer attachment, empathy, and social behaviors. Journal of Adolescence, 27(6), 703- 716. [Google Scholar]
  30. Lieberman, M., Doyle, A. B., &Markiewicz, D. (1999). Developmental patterns in security of attachment to mother and father in late childhood and early adolescence: Associations with peer relations. Child Development, 70(1), 202-213. [Google Scholar]
  31. Löker, Ö. (1999) Different effects of parent and peer attachment on social and emotional loneliness among adolescents. Unpublished doctoral thesis.Middle East Technical University. Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  32. Lopez, F. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). Dynamic processes underlying adult attachment organization: Toward an attachment theoretical perspective on the healthy and effective self. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 283-301. [Google Scholar]
  33. MacCallum, R. C., & Austin, J. T. (2000).Applications of structural equation modeling in psychological research.Annual Review of Psychology, 51(1), 201-226. [Google Scholar]
  34. Marcus, R., F. & Sanders-Reio, J. (2001).The influence of attachment on school completion.School Psychology Quarterly, 16(4), 427–444. [Google Scholar]
  35. Matheny, K. B., Curlette, W. L., Aysan, F., Herrington, A., Gfroerer, C. A., Thompson, D.,  &Hamarat, E. (2002).Coping resources, perceived stress, and life satisfaction among Turkish and American university students.International Journal of Stress Management, 9(2), 81-97. [Google Scholar]
  36. Mau, R.Y. (1992). The validity and devolution of a concept: Student alienation. Adolescence, 27(107), 731-741. [Google Scholar]
  37. Oerlemans, K. & Jenkins, H. (1998). There are aliens in our school. Issues in Educational Research, 8(2), 117-129. [Google Scholar]
  38. Sanberk İ., (2003). Öğrenci Yabancılaşma Ölçeği (bir geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması). YayınlanmamışYüksekLisansTezi.[Student Alienation Scale (a validity and reliability study). Unpublished master’s thesis].Çukurova University, Adana. [Google Scholar]
  39. Satorra, A., &Bentler, P. M. (2001). A scaled difference chi-square test statistic for moment structure analysis.Psychometrika, 66(4), 507-514. [Google Scholar]
  40. Shochet, I. M., Symth, T. & Homel, R. (2007). The impact of parental attachment on adolescent perception of the school environment and school connectedness.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 28(2), 109-118. [Google Scholar]
  41. Shogren, K. A., Lopez, S. J., Wehmeyer, M. L., Little, T. D., &Pressgrove, C. L. (2006). The role of positive psychology constructs in predicting life satisfaction in adolescents with and without cognitive disabilities: An exploratory study. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(1), 37-52. [Google Scholar]
  42. Staples, J. S. (2000). Violence in schools: Rage against a broken world. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political & Social Science, 567(1), 30-41. [Google Scholar]
  43. Watson, D., Clark, L. A., &Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063–1070. [Google Scholar]
  44. Wilkinson, R. B. (2004). The role of parental and peer attachment in the psychological health and self- esteem of adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(6), 479–493. [Google Scholar]