International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2012, Vol. 8(2) 102-121

Communication Disorders and the inclusion of newcomer African refugees in rural primary schools of British Columbia, Canada

Lantana M. Usman

pp. 102 - 121   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2012.056

Published online: June 15, 2012  |   Number of Views: 6  |  Number of Download: 75


In Canadian public primary schools, newcomer West African refugees like other ethnic immigrant students are a visible minority group, often referred as Linguistic and Culturally Different (LCD) students. In the province of British Columbia, newcomer immigrant students are subjected to a battery of tests, as soon as they enroll in the primary public school system. These tests are the provincial Standardized Assessment Tests (SAT) and classroom Teacher Assessment of Learning (TAL) that aim at obtaining data for diagnostic purposes of students‘ learning and teaching purposes. Specific to LCD refugee and immigrant students, they are also assessed on English Language Communication Proficiency (oral and written), Social Skills amongst others, regardless of the degree of proficiency in English language as members of the Anglo-phone Commonwealth countries whose curriculum and medium of instruction is British related. More often, the African immigrants and refugee students of the Anglo-phone African countries are most times diagnosed with English Language Communication Disorders (ELCDs), which has been questioned by some Canadian researchers of Learning Disabilities (LDs) and  Multicultural Education (ME), especially with regards to the cultural compatibility of the assessment process/diagnostic tools, and criteria used to assess these LCD refugee  and immigrant students. The article discusses the above discourse, with the support of findings of a qualitative ethnographic research findings and related literature.

Keywords: Communication Disorders; Primary Education, Learning Disabilities; Multicultural Education, Refugees, Canada

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Usman, L.M. (2012). Communication Disorders and the inclusion of newcomer African refugees in rural primary schools of British Columbia, Canada . International Journal of Progressive Education, 8(2), 102-121.

Usman, L. (2012). Communication Disorders and the inclusion of newcomer African refugees in rural primary schools of British Columbia, Canada . International Journal of Progressive Education, 8(2), pp. 102-121.

Chicago 16th edition
Usman, Lantana M. (2012). "Communication Disorders and the inclusion of newcomer African refugees in rural primary schools of British Columbia, Canada ". International Journal of Progressive Education 8 (2):102-121.

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