International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2018, Vol. 14(5) 39-56

A Case Study of Thai Secondary School Teachers' English Intercultural Teaching and Perception

Kewalin Jantadej & Sasima Charubusp

pp. 39 - 56   |  DOI:   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1807-23-0004

Published online: October 15, 2018  |   Number of Views: 273  |  Number of Download: 791


This study investigated the integration of English intercultural teaching of Thai secondary school teachers using questionnaires and classroom observations. The results from the questionnaires revealed that participants perceived that they integrated English intercultural teaching at a low level. In the actual classroom, they placed a paramount focus on teaching English intercultural ‘knowledge’, whereas assessing students’ intercultural ‘attitudes’ and ‘behavior’ gained the least attention. Finally, it should be noted that the aspects of cultural bias during the teaching practice of participants require further attention. 


Keywords: English intercultural teaching, intercultural competence, foreign language education

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Jantadej, K. & Charubusp, S. (2018). A Case Study of Thai Secondary School Teachers' English Intercultural Teaching and Perception. International Journal of Progressive Education, 14(5), 39-56. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2018.157.5

Jantadej, K. and Charubusp, S. (2018). A Case Study of Thai Secondary School Teachers' English Intercultural Teaching and Perception. International Journal of Progressive Education, 14(5), pp. 39-56.

Chicago 16th edition
Jantadej, Kewalin and Sasima Charubusp (2018). "A Case Study of Thai Secondary School Teachers' English Intercultural Teaching and Perception". International Journal of Progressive Education 14 (5):39-56. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2018.157.5.


    Bruner, D. A., Sinwongsuwat, K., & Radić-Bojanić, B. (2015). EFL Oral Communication Teaching Practices: A Close Look at University Teachers and A2 Students’ Perspectives in Thailand and a Critical Eye from Serbia. English Language Teaching, 8(1), 11-20. ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750. Retrieved from

    Alyan, A.A. (2011). Exploring teachers‟ beliefs regarding the concepts of culture and intercultural communicative competence in EFL Palestinian university context: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3461969)

    Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (1989). The Empire Writes Back. London: Routledge.

    Atay, D., Kurt, G., Çamlibel, Z., Ersin, P., & Kaslioglu, Ö. (2009). The role of intercultural competence in foreign language teaching. Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 10(3), 123-135.

    Bennett, M. J. (1986). A developmental approach to training for intercultural sensitivity. International journal of intercultural relations, 10 (2), 179-196.

    Building intercultural competence: Handbook for professionals in education, social work and health care (eds. M. G. Onorati, F. Bednarz). (2010). Leuven: Acco.

    Byram, M. & Feng, A. (2004). Culture and language learning: Teaching, research and scholarship. Language Teaching, 37, 149-168.

    Byram, M., Holmes, P., & Savvides, N. (2013). Intercultural communicative competence in foreign language education: questions of theory, practice and research. The Language Learning Journal, 41(3), 251-253.

    Cheng, C. (2007). The Influence of EFL teachers‟ understanding of intercultural competence on their self-reported pedagogical practices in higher education institutes of technology in Taiwan (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3249489)

    Communicaid Group Limited. (2018). Cultural profile: Milton J. Bennett. Retrieved from


    Deardorff D. (2006). The identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internalization at institutions of higher education in the United States. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10, 241-266.

    Deardorff D. (2009). Implementing intercultural competence assessment. In: The SAGE handbook of intercultural competence (ed. D. Deardorff). Thousand Oaks: Sage. P. 477-491.

    Fantini A. (2009). Assessing intercultural competence: Issues and tools. In: The SAGE handbook of intercultural competence (ed. D. Deardorff). Thousand Oaks: Sage. P. 456-476.

    Garrido, C., & Alvarez, I. (2006). Language teacher education for intercultural understanding. European Journal of Teacher Education, 29(2), 163-179.

    Gu, X. (2016). Assessment of intercultural communicative competence in FL education: A survey on EFL teachers’ perception and practice in China. Language and Intercultural Communication, 16(2), 254-273.

    Hofstede, G., & Bond, M. (1984). Hofstede's Culture Dimensions. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology15(4), 417-433.

    Ho Si Thang Kiet. (2011). An investigation of intercultural teaching and learning in tertiary EFL classrooms in Vietnam. Doctoral dissertation. Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

    Hu, A., & Byram, M. (2009). Intercultural competence and foreign language learning. Models, empiricism, assessment.

    Hume, L. (1993). Another look at the cultural cringe. St. Leonards, NSW, Australia: Centre for Independent Studies.

    Hu, W. Z. & Gao, Y. H. (1997). Waiyu Jiaoxue yu Wenhua (foreign language teaching and culture). Changsha: Hunan Education Press.

    INCOM-VET. (2014). Handbook of Methodology for Development of Intercultural Competence. Retrieved from HANDBOOK-OF-METHODOLOGY-FOR-DEVELOPMENT-OF-INTERCULTURAL-COMPETENCE-2nd-draft_2014-08-25.pdf

    Ito, M.,   Baumer, S., Bittanti, M., Boyd, D., Cody, R., Herr-Stephenson, B. (2009). Hanging out, messing around, and geeking out: kids living and learning with new media. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 

    Kramsch, C. (1998). The cultural discourse of foreign language textbooks. In J. Singerman (Ed.), Toward a new integration of language and culture (pp. 63-88). Middle Bury: Vermont.

    Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2010). Learning cultures on the move: where are we heading? Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 13(4), 4–14.

    Lazar, I., Huber-Kriegler, M., Lussier, D., Matei, G., & Peck, C. (2007). Developing and assessing intercultural communicative competence: a guide for language teachers and teacher educators Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

    Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

    Methitham, P. (2009). An Exploration of Culturally-based Assumptions Guiding ELT Practice in Thailand, a Non-colonized Nation. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA.

    Ministry of Education (MOE). (2008). Basic education core curriculum B.E. 2551. Retrieved from

    Nagy, G. (2009). Book Review: The SAGE Handbook of Intercultural Competence. Deardorff, D., K. (Ed.) Derek Bob (Fwd.). Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: SAGE Publications, Inc. 2009, 542 pp. ISBN 978-1-4129-6045-8

    Noom-ura, S., (2013). English-Teaching Problems in Thailand and Thai Teachers’ Professional Development Needs. Retrieved from

    Nunnally, J., & Bernstein, I. (1994). Psychometric theory. Third ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Root E., Ngampornchai A. (2013). I came back as a new human being: Student descriptions of intercultural competence acquired through education abroad experiences. Journal of Studies in International Education, 17(5), 513-532.

    Ryan, P. M. (1995). Foreign language teachers’ perceptions of culture and the classroom: A case study. Eric Journal, 1-25. Retrieved from

    Saengboon, S. (2017). English Grammar and Thai University Students: An Insurmountable Linguistic Battle?. English Language Teaching, 10(11), 22-36. DOI: 10.5539/elt.v10n11p22

    Sercu, L. (2006). The foreign language and intercultural competence teacher: the acquisition of a new professional identity. Intercultural Education, 17(1), 55-72.

    Spencer‐Oatey, H., & Franklin, P. (2009). Intercultural interaction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

    Tian, J. (2013). Beliefs and practices regarding intercultural competence among Chinese teachers of English at a Chinese university (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3589650)

    Tomalin, B. & Stempleski, S. (1993). Cultural awareness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Tran, T. Q., & Dang, H. V. (2014). Culture teaching in English language teaching: Teachers beliefs and their classroom practices. Global Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 4(2), 92-101.

    Turner, R. C., & Carlson, L. (2003). Indexes of item-objective congruence for multidimensional items. International Journal of Testing, 3(2), 163-171.

    Wenjing, L. (2014).  An Appraisal Analysis of the Discourse of Foreign English Teachers: A Case Study at a Private School in Ratchaburi, Thailand.  The New English Teacher 8.1. Retrieved from

    Wright, D. A. (2000). Culture as information and culture as affective process: A comparative study. Foreign Language Annals, 33, 330-341.