International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2021, Vol. 17(2) 292-304

Examining the Impact of Sports on Secondary Education Students' Life Skills

Zeki Coşkuner, Hakan Büyükçelebi, Kemal Kurak & Mahmut Açak

pp. 292 - 304   |  DOI:   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2008-26-0001.R1

Published online: April 07, 2021  |   Number of Views: 225  |  Number of Download: 668


Life skills are applicable psycho-social skills and abilities to develop desired qualities such as self-confidence and socialization. In this context, the research aims to investigate how participation in sports activities during secondary education affects an individual's life skills.

In the research, the sample group consists of a total of 698 students, including 388 males and 310 females studying at secondary schools in Malatya province district in 2018-2019 academic year. In order to evaluate life skills acquired through sports, the scale with its original form Life Skills Scale for Sport (LSSS) was used.

Statistical package program (SPSS 21 version) was used to analyze the data obtained in the research. Normality analysis tests were conducted on the data. As the result of the tests, it was observed that the data were not normally distributed and non-parametric tests were used for the analyzes.  The Mann Whitney U test for binary comparisons and Kruscal Wallis H tests for multiple comparisons were utilized. In the study, the significance level was accepted as p <0.05.

The research findings showed that there were differences in the life skills of the sample group according to the variables discussed. As a result, it was concluded that middle school students' age, gender, class, sports and playing status in the school team made significant differences whereas the family income situation did not affect in shaping their life skills.

Keywords: Sports, Education, Life Skills, Social Skills

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Coskuner, Z., Buyukcelebi, H., Kurak, K. & Acak, M. (2021). Examining the Impact of Sports on Secondary Education Students' Life Skills . International Journal of Progressive Education, 17(2), 292-304. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2021.332.18

Coskuner, Z., Buyukcelebi, H., Kurak, K. and Acak, M. (2021). Examining the Impact of Sports on Secondary Education Students' Life Skills . International Journal of Progressive Education, 17(2), pp. 292-304.

Chicago 16th edition
Coskuner, Zeki, Hakan Buyukcelebi, Kemal Kurak and Mahmut Acak (2021). "Examining the Impact of Sports on Secondary Education Students' Life Skills ". International Journal of Progressive Education 17 (2):292-304. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2021.332.18.

  1. Açak M. (2006). Physical education teacher’s handbook Morpa publications.. [Google Scholar]
  2. Açak M, Düz S. (2018). Adaptation of the Effect of Sport on Life Skills Scale to Turkish Culture, Journal of İnönü University Educational Sciences Institute, 5 (9), 74-86. [Google Scholar]
  3. Avcıoğlu H. (2005). Teaching Social Skills With Activities. (2nd Edition). Kök. Ankara.  [Google Scholar]
  4. Balyan M. (2009). Comparison of Attitudes, Social Skills and Self-Efficacy Levels of Students in Primary School and Secondary Education Institutions towards Physical Education Course. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Ege University, Institute of Health Sciences, Izmir. Botvin GJ, Griffin KW. (2004). Life Skills Training: Empirical Findings and Future Directions. The Journal of Primary Prevention. 25:211–232.   [Google Scholar]
  5. Burton D, Naylor S, Holliday B. (2001). Goal setting in sport: Investigating the goal effectiveness paradox. In R. Singer, H. Hausenblas, & C. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology, pp. 497-528. [Google Scholar]
  6. Brunelle J, Danish SJ, Forneris T. (2007). The impact of a sport-based life skill program on adolescent prosocial values. Applied Developmental Science, 11(1), 43-55. [Google Scholar]
  7. Buğan MG. (1999). Determining the Status of Adult Mentally Disabled Women to Perform Daily Life Skills Master Thesis, Anadolu University, Institute of Social Sciences, Eskişehir.  [Google Scholar]
  8. Camire M, Trudel P, Forneris T. (2009). High school athletes' perspectives on support, communication, negotiation and life skill development. Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise, 1(1), 72-88.   [Google Scholar]
  9. Caterino MC, Polak ED. (1999). Effects of twotypes of activity on the performance of second-, third-, and fourth-grade students on a test of concentration. Percept Mot Skills, 89: 245-248. [Google Scholar]
  10. Cronin LD, Allen J. (2017). Development and initial validation of the Life Skills Scale for Sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 28, 105-119. [Google Scholar]
  11. Çilingir A. (2006). Comparison of Science High school and general high school students' social skill problem solving skills. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Atatürk University, Institute of Social Sciences, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  12. Claessens BJ, VanEerde W, Rutte CG, Roe RA. (2007). A review of time management literature. Personnel Review, 36(2), 255-276. [Google Scholar]
  13. Danish SJ, Forneris T, Hodge K, Heke I. (2004). Enhancing youth development through sport. World Leisure, 3, 38-49. [Google Scholar]
  14. Deniz ME. (2002). The comparative analysis of university students' decision making strategies and social skill levels according to TA dominant self-status and some personal qualities. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Selcuk University, Institute of Social Sciences, Konya. [Google Scholar]
  15. Fraser-Thomas J, Côté J. (2009). Understanding adolescents' positive and negative developmental experiences in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 3-23. [Google Scholar]
  16. Gould D, Collins K, Lauer L, Chung Y. (2007). Coaching life skills through football: a study of award winning high school coaches. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19(1), 16-37. [Google Scholar]
  17. Gould D, Flett R,  Lauer L. (2012). The relationship between psychosocial developmental and the sports climate experienced by underserved youth. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(1), 80-87.     [Google Scholar]
  18. Holt NL. (2007). An ethnographic study of positive youth development on a high school soccer team. In Paper presented at society for research in child development conference, Boston, MA. [Google Scholar]
  19. Holt NL, Tink LN, Mandigo JL, Fox KR. (2008). Do youth learn life skills through their involvement in high school sport? A case study. Canadian Journal of Education, 31(2), 281-304. [Google Scholar]
  20. Humphrey N, Kalambouka A, Wigelsworth M, Lendrum A, Deighton J,  Wolpert M. (2011). Measures of social and emotional skills for children and young people: A systematic review. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 71(4), 617-637. [Google Scholar]
  21. Judge TA, Bono JE, Erez A, Locke EA. (2005). Core self-evaluations and job and life satisfaction: The role of self-concordance and goal attainment. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(2), 257-268. [Google Scholar]
  22. Larson RW. (2000). Toward a psychology of positive youth development. American Psychologist, 55(1), 170-183.  [Google Scholar]
  23. Mayer SE. (1997). What money can’t buy: Family income and children’s life changes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. [Google Scholar]
  24. Önder A. (2003). Educational Drama Applications for Preschool Children. Istanbul: Morpa. [Google Scholar]
  25. Öztürk YA. (2018). Investigation of Social Skill Levels of Secondary School Students Who Do Sports And Do Not (Kütahya Province Case). Master Thesis, Dumlupinar University, Institute of Health Sciences, Kutahya. [Google Scholar]
  26. Özcan G, Yıldırım S. (2011). Comparison of Social Skill Levels of Secondary School students who play licensed team sports and individual sports and who do not play sports. Abant Izzet Baysal University Journal Of Social Sciences, 11(2), 111-135. [Google Scholar]
  27. Reynolds KD, Killen JD, Bryson SW, Maron DJ, Taylor JB, Maccoloy N, Farguar JW. (1990). Psycosocial Predictors of Physical Activitiy in Adolescents. Previous Medicine, 19(5), 541-551.  [Google Scholar]
  28. Rubin RB, Morreale SP. (1996). Setting expectations for speech communication and listening. In E. A. Jones (Ed.), Preparing competent college graduates: Setting new and higher expectations for student learning. New Directions for Higher Education, 96, 19-29. [Google Scholar]
  29. Ryan JH, Dzewaltowski DA. (2002). Comparing, the Relationship Between Different Types of Self-Efficacy and Phsical Activitiy in Youth. Healty Education and Behavior, 29(4), 491-504. [Google Scholar]
  30. Strachan L, Côté J, Deakin J. (2011). A new view: Exploring positive youth development in elite sport contexts. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 3(1), 9-32. [Google Scholar]
  31. Tel M. Köksalan B. (2008). Sociological Examination of Sports Activities of Faculty Members (Eastern Anatolia Example). Fırat University Journal of Social Sciences, 18(1), 261-278. [Google Scholar]
  32. Türk A. (2015). The Impact Of Sport On Young People’s Gaining And Developing Life Skills: Example of 3 X 3 Basketball Tournament. Master Thesis. Bahçeşehir University, Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  33. Vella SA, Oades LG, Crowe TP. (2013). The relationship between coach leadership, the coach athlete relationship, team success, and the positive developmental experiences of adolescent soccer players. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 18(5), 549-561.  [Google Scholar]
  34. World Health Organization. (1999). Partners in life skills education: Conclusions for a United Nations inter-agency meeting. Retrieved from the World Health Organisation website: [Google Scholar]