International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2016, Vol. 12(1) 99-107

The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents

Hakan Sarıçam, Erkan Yaman & İsmail Çelik

pp. 99 - 107   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2016.021

Published online: February 01, 2016  |   Number of Views: 451  |  Number of Download: 773


The purpose of this research was to examine whether loneliness might play a mediating role between perceived social competence and cyberbullying in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 326 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Cyberbullying Scale, the Perceived Social Competence Scale, and the UCLA Loneliness Scale. Relationships between loneliness, social competence and cyberbullying were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and predictions of each variable by the domains of the other were calculated with Linear Regression Analysis (LRA). Findings showed that perceived social competence, cyberbullying and self-efficacy were related to each other’s. Hierarchical Regression Analysis results indicated that loneliness partially mediated the relationship between perceived social competence and school burnout.

Keywords: Bullying, cyber bullying, social competence, loneliness 

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Saricam, H., Yaman, E. & Celik, I. (2016). The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents. International Journal of Progressive Education, 12(1), 99-107.

Saricam, H., Yaman, E. and Celik, I. (2016). The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents. International Journal of Progressive Education, 12(1), pp. 99-107.

Chicago 16th edition
Saricam, Hakan, Erkan Yaman and Ismail Celik (2016). "The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents". International Journal of Progressive Education 12 (1):99-107.

  1. Anderson-Butcher, D., Iachini, A.L., & Amorose, A. J. (2007). Initial reliability and validity of Perceived Social Competence Scale. Research on Social Work Practice, 18(1), 47-54. [Google Scholar]
  2. Anderson-Butcher, D., Stetler, E. G., & Midle, T. (2006). A case for expanded school-community partnerships in support of positive youth development. Children & Schools, 28, 155-163. [Google Scholar]
  3. Arıcak, O. T. (2009). Psychiatric symptomatology as a predictor of cyberbullying among university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 34, 167-184. [Google Scholar]
  4. Arıcak, O. T., Kınay, H., & Tanrıkulu, T. (2012). Initial psychometric findings of Cyber Bullying Scale. Hasan Ali Yücel Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(1), 101-114. [Google Scholar]
  5. Ayas, T., & Horzum, M. B. (2013). Relation between depression, loneliness, self-esteem and internet addiction. Education, 133(3), 283 – 290. [Google Scholar]
  6. Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2007). The relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying. Journal of Student Wellbeing, 1(2), 15-33. [Google Scholar]
  7. Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265-277. [Google Scholar]
  8. Bilgin, M. (1999). 14-18 yaş grubu ergenlere yönelik Sosyal Yetkinlik Beklentisi Ölçeği geliştirme çalışması. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 2(12), 7 -15. [Google Scholar]
  9. Campbell, M. A. (2005). Cyber bullying: An old problem in a new guise?. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 15(1), 68-76. [Google Scholar]
  10. Coleman, P. K. ( 2003). Perceptions of parent-child attachment, social self-efficacy and peer relationships in middle childhood. Infant and Child Development, 12, 351-368. [Google Scholar]
  11. Demir, A. (1989). UCLA yalnızlık ölçeğinin geçerlik ve güvenirliği. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7(23), 14-18. [Google Scholar]
  12. Dempsey, A. G., Sulkowski, M. L., Nichols, R., & Storch, E. A. (2009). Differences between peer victimization in cyber and physical settings and associated psychosocial adjustment in early adolescence. Psychology in the Schools, 46(10). [Google Scholar]
  13. Dilmaç, B. (2009). Sanal zorbaliği yordayan psikolojik ihtiyaçlar: Lisans öğrencileri için bir ön çalışma. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9(3), 1291-1325. [Google Scholar]
  14. Erdur-Baker, Ö., & Kavşut, F. (2007). Cyber bullying: A new face of peer bullying. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 27, 31-42. [Google Scholar]
  15. Eroğlu, Y., & Peker, A. (2011). Aileden ve arkadaştan algilanan sosyal destek ve siber mağduriyet: Yapisal eşitlik modeliyle bir inceleme. Akademik Bakış Dergisi, 27(1), 20. [Google Scholar]
  16. Gresham, F. M., Sugai, G., & Horner, R. H. (2001). Interpreting outcomes of social skills training for students with high-incidence disabilities. Exceptional Children, 67, 331-344. [Google Scholar]
  17. Gresham F. M., & Elliott S. N. (1993). Social skills interventions for children. Behavior Modification, 17(3) 287-313. [Google Scholar]
  18. Griezel, L., Craven, R. G., Yeung, A. S. & Finger, L. R. (2008). The development of a multi-dimensional measure of Cyber bullying. Paper Presented at The Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, December 1-4, Brisbane, Australia. [Google Scholar]
  19. Hinduja, S., &, Patchin, J. W. (2009). Bullying beyond the schoolyard: Preventing and responding to cyberbullying. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  20. Li, Q. (2005). Cyber harassment: A study of new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265-277. [Google Scholar]
  21. Junttila, N., Vauras, M., Niemi, P. M., & Laakkonen, E. (2012). Multisource assessed social competence as a predictor for children’s and adolescents’ later loneliness, social anxiety, and social phobia. Journal for Educational Research Online Journal für Bildungsforschung Online, 4(1), 73–98. [Google Scholar]
  22. Junttila, N., Laakkonen, E., Niemi, P. M., & Ranta, K. (2010). Modeling the interrelations of adolescents’ loneliness, social anxiety and social phobia. Scientific Annals of the Psychological Society of Northern Greece, 8, 69–99. [Google Scholar]
  23. Junttila, N., Voeten, M., Kaukiainen, A., & Vauras, M. (2006). Multisource assessment of children’s social competence. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66, 874–895. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kenny, D. A., Korchmaros, J. D., & Bolger, N. (2003). Lower level mediation in multilevel models. Psychological Methods, 8, 115-128. [Google Scholar]
  25. Lewinsohn, P. M., Mischel, W., Chaplin, W., & Barton, R. (1980). Social competence and depression: The role of illusory self-perceptions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89(2), 203-212. [Google Scholar]
  26. Malecki, C. K., & Demary, M. K. (2002). Measuring perceived social support: Development of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS). Psychology in The Schools, 39, 1-18. [Google Scholar]
  27. Most, T., Ingber, S., & Heled-Ariam E. (2012). Social competence, sense of loneliness, and speech intelligibility of young children with hearing loss in individual inclusion and group inclusion. Journal of Deaf Studies Deaf Education, 17(2), 259-72. doi: 10.1093/deafed/enr049. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  28. Peplau, L. A., & Perlman D. (1982). Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy. New York: John Wiley. [Google Scholar]
  29. Ryan, T., Kariuki, M., & Yılmaz, H. (2011). A comparative analysis of cyberbullying perceptions of preservice educators: Canada and Turkey. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(3), 1-12. [Google Scholar]
  30. Peplau, L. A., Russell, D., & Heim, M. (1979). The experience of loneliness. In I. H. Frieze, D. Bar-Tal, & J. S. Carroll (Eds.), New approaches to social problems: Applications of attribution theory (pp. 53-78). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [Google Scholar]
  31. Sarıçam, H. (2015). Mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between subjective vitality and school burnout in Turkish adolescents. International Journal of Educational Researchers (IJERs), 6(1), 1-12. [Google Scholar]
  32. Sarıçam, H., Akın, A., Akın, Ü., & Çardak, M. (2013). The adaptation of perceived social competence scale to Turkish: The study of validity and reliability. JASSS (The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, 6(3), 591-600. Doi Number : [Google Scholar]
  33. Şahin, M. (2012). The relationship between the cyberbullying/cybervictmization and loneliness among adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(4), 834–837. [Google Scholar]
  34. Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J., Luk, J. W. & Nansel, T. R. (2010). Co-occurrence of victimization from five subtypes of bullying: Physical, verbal, social exclusion, spreading rumors and Cyber. J Pediatr Psychol Nov., 35(10), 1103-1112. [Google Scholar]
  35. Yaman, E., Eroğlu, Y., & Peker, A. (2011). Okul zorbaliği ve siber zorbalik. İstanbul: Kaknüs Yayınları. [Google Scholar]
  36. Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Youth engaging in online harassment, internet use and personal characteristics. Association for Professionals in Social Services Journal for Adolescents, 27(3), 319-336. [Google Scholar]
  37. Yılmaz, H. (2010). An examination of preservice teachers' perceptions about Cyberbullying. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 6(4), 263-270. [Google Scholar]