International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2023, Vol. 19(3) 149-159

The Analysis of Relationship Between Competition Styles and Play Skills of Preschool Children

Gülden Uyanık, Zeynep Kılıç & Şeyma Değirmenci

pp. 149 - 159   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2023.546.9   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2211-18-0002.R1

Published online: June 01, 2023  |   Number of Views: 143  |  Number of Download: 207


Abstract

Play is a tool that attunes children to the world and enables children to experience freedom. This tool is significant for children to get oriented with physical and social environment and learn. Children sharpen their emotions, enhance abilities, and develop skills as they play games (Ünal, 2009). There are various definitions of competition (Sheridan and Williams, 2006; Tsiakara and Digelidis, 2012) which is frequently observed in the behaviors of kindergarten children. Competition can be defined as an urge to win, willing to be better than the others can, enjoying competing with others, focusing on an objective and eliminating other individuals to reach that objective or not willing to share the determined objective with others (Yenidünya, 2005). Although competition often exist in preschool children’s behavior it is observed that there is not adequate amount of study in the literature. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between competition skills and playing skills of children that has active completion in their life. For data acquisition in the research The Preschool Competition Questionnaire – PCQ (Uyanık Balat, Akman and Arslan Çiftçi, 2017) and Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale (Değirmenci, 2016) is used. Research data is acquired from 202 children having preschool education in Istanbul in the 2016-2017 education term. Pearson Moment Product Correlation Coefficient and independent groups t-test are used for data analysis. Consequential to the research it is found that there is negative significant correlation (r=-.358, p<.01) between  total score of Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale and Preschool Competition Questionnaire's sub-dimension called “Others-oriented Competition”,while a positive  significant correlation for “Task Oriented Competition” (r=.357, p<.01)is found. In the lights of these findings, it can be asserted that others-oriented competition levels decrease as the playing skills level increase and task/winning-oriented competition level increases.

Keywords: Preschool, Competition, Competition Styles, Play, Play Skills


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Uyanik, G., Kilic, Z. & Degirmenci, S. (2023). The Analysis of Relationship Between Competition Styles and Play Skills of Preschool Children . International Journal of Progressive Education, 19(3), 149-159. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2023.546.9

Harvard
Uyanik, G., Kilic, Z. and Degirmenci, S. (2023). The Analysis of Relationship Between Competition Styles and Play Skills of Preschool Children . International Journal of Progressive Education, 19(3), pp. 149-159.

Chicago 16th edition
Uyanik, Gulden, Zeynep Kilic and Seyma Degirmenci (2023). "The Analysis of Relationship Between Competition Styles and Play Skills of Preschool Children ". International Journal of Progressive Education 19 (3):149-159. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2023.546.9.

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