International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2016, Vol. 12(1) 13-20

The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students’ Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning

Mesut Gün

pp. 13 - 20   |  Manu. Number: ijpe.2016.014

Published online: February 01, 2016  |   Number of Views: 431  |  Number of Download: 810


The purpose of this empirical study is to determine how and to what extent the use of animations impacts auditory acquisition, one of the key learning fields in 6th grade grammar, as measured by students’ academic success and completion rates. By using a pre-test and post-test design, this emrical study randomly divided a group of Turkish 6th graders into an experimental and a control group, who were taught the same standard lessons (as set forth in the Turkish annual lesson plan) by the same teacher for a period of 10 weeks. In addition to the standard lessons, the experimental group was also shown animations. The results revealed that phonetics performance improved for both the experimental and the control group, but that the group who had been shown the animations improved much more than the group who had been instructed via traditional methods only.

Keywords: Animation, grammar, teaching

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Gun, M. (2016). The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students’ Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning. International Journal of Progressive Education, 12(1), 13-20.

Gun, M. (2016). The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students’ Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning. International Journal of Progressive Education, 12(1), pp. 13-20.

Chicago 16th edition
Gun, Mesut (2016). "The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students’ Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning". International Journal of Progressive Education 12 (1):13-20.

  1. Akkaya, A. (2011). Grammar teaching through caricatures (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Selçuk University, Konya. [Google Scholar]
  2. Aktürk, V. (2012). Effect of using animation and digital maps on the ability to perceive places among students in the social sciences (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar. [Google Scholar]
  3. Arici, N. & Dalkiliç, E. (2006). Contribution of animations to computer-based teaching: A sample application. Journal of Kastamonu Education, 14(2), 421-430. [Google Scholar]
  4. Alyilmaz, C. (2010). Problems of Turkish teachers. Turkish Studies, 5(3), 728-749. [Google Scholar]
  5. Bunce, D. M. & Gabel, D. (2002). Differential effects on the achievement of males and females of teaching the particulate nature of chemistry. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39(10), 911-927. Bülbül, O. (2009). Study of the effects on academic success and retention of the use of animations and simulations in the teaching of optics in physics via computer-assisted instruction (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Çukurova University, Adana. [Google Scholar]
  6. Çelik, E. (2007). Effects on students’ success of using computer-based animation in geography lessons in secondary schools (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Marmara University, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  7. Çilenti, K. (1994). Technology of education and IT Teaching. Ankara: Gül Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  8. Daşdemir, İ. (2006). Effects on academic success and retention of the use of animation in science lessons (Published post-graduate dissertation). Atatürk University, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  9. Daşdemir, İ. (2013). Effects of animation use on students’ academic success, retention of learning and scientific process abilities. Journal of Kastamonu Education, 21(4), 1287-1304. [Google Scholar]
  10. Dede, M. B. (2013). Introduce your children to computers early. Netpano. Retrieved from: [Google Scholar]
  11. Demirel, Ö. & Şahinel, M. (2006). Teaching Turkish. Ankara: Pegema Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  12. Durukan, E. (2011). Effect of computer-based sixth-grade grammar teaching on success and attitude (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Atatürk University, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  13. Elmstrom Klenk, K. (2011). Computer animation in teaching science: Effectiveness in teaching retrograde motion to 9th graders (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Rhode Island and Rhode Island College, TOWN. [Google Scholar]
  14. Eryaman, M. Y. (2006). A hermeneutic approach towards integrating technology into schools: Policy and Practice. In S. Tettegah & R. Hunter (Eds.). Technology: Issues in administration, policy, and applications in K-12 schools. Elsevier Science Publications. [Google Scholar]
  15. Eryaman, M. Y. (2007). Examining the characteristics of literacy practices in a technology-rich sixth grade classroom. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET) 6(2), 26-41. [Google Scholar]
  16. Foley, J. A., Van Dam, S. & Feiner, J. (1990). Computer graphics principles and practice (2nd ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley. [Google Scholar]
  17. Güvercin, Z. (2010). Effects on students’ academic success and retention of the use of simulation software in physics lessons (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation), Çukurova University, Institute of Social Sciences, Adana. [Google Scholar]
  18. Herrison, H., & Laura, J. H. (2010). Incorporating animation concepts and principles in STEM education. The Technology Teacher, Volume(Number), 20-25. [Google Scholar]
  19. Hortin, J. A. (1994). Theoretical foundations of visual learning. In D. M. Moore & F. M. Dwyer (Eds.), Visual literacy: A spectrum of visual learning (pp. 5-29). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Educational Technology Publications. [Google Scholar]
  20. Iskender, B. M. (2007). Effects of teaching science in private institutions using computer animations on students’ success, retention and audial affective features (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Intitute of Sciences, Muğla. [Google Scholar]
  21. Karadüz, A. (2009). Grammar teaching. Teaching Turkish in primary (2nd ed.). A. Kırkkılıç & H. Akyol (Eds). Ankara: Pegem Academy. [Google Scholar]
  22. Kavcar, C., Oğuzkan, F. & Sever, S. (1997). Teaching Turkish. Ankara: Engin. [Google Scholar]
  23. Kolomuç, A. (2009). Teaching the eleventh-grade unit “The Speed of Chemical Reactions” with animation according to Model 5E (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Atatürk University, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  24. Laybourne, K. (1998). The animation book: A complete guide to animated film-making from flip-books to sound cartoons to 3-D animation. New York: Three Rivers Press. [Google Scholar]
  25. Meb, __ (2008). MEGEP animation studies on child development and education. Ankara: Publisher. [Google Scholar]
  26. Özbay, M. (2006). Turkish special teaching methods II. Ankara: Öncü Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  27. Özcan, F. (2008). The importance of animations in teaching geography in ninth grade (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Selçuk University, Konya. [Google Scholar]
  28. Öztürk Taşkale, T. (2011). Using animation techniques in mathematics as part of a computer-based teaching method (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Fırat University, Elazığ. [Google Scholar]
  29. Sağir, M. (2002). Teaching Grammar in Primary Schools. Journal of Turkish Language, 601, 56-59. [Google Scholar]
  30. Sancak, H. (2011). The functions of the ablative affix (+dan) and teaching it with animation techniques at the sixth grade level (Unpublished post-graduate dissertation). Sakarya University, Sakarya. [Google Scholar]
  31. Santos, R. S. (2009). Impact of flash animation on learning concept of matter among elementary students (Unpublished master’s dissertation). University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg. [Google Scholar]
  32. Sülükçü, Y. (2011). Computer-based development of materials for teaching Turkish to foreigners (basic level A1) and its effect on students’ success (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of university, Konya. [Google Scholar]
  33. Şimşek, N. (1997). Usage of educational technology in lessons. Ankara: Anıl. [Google Scholar]
  34. Şahin, A. & Şahin, E., (2007). Materials and teaching technologies in Turkish education. A. Kırkkılıç & H. Akyol (Eds.), Teaching Turkish in primary (pp. 309-349). Ankara: Pegema. [Google Scholar]
  35. Tekdal, M. (2002). Development and effective use of interactive physics simulations. V. Ankara: National Educational Assembly of Science and Mathematics. [Google Scholar]
  36. Venkataraman, B. (2009). Visualization and interactivity in the teaching of chemistry to science and nonscience students. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 10, 62-69. [Google Scholar]
  37. Yilmaz, E. (2010). Research on Turkey Turkish. (2nd Ed.). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  38. Yilmaz, F. & Talas, Y. (2015). The importance and use of animations as materials for teaching Turkish as a foreign language. International Journal of Language Education and Teaching, 3(1), 114-127. [Google Scholar]