International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2022, Vol. 18(3) 57-70

How do Undergraduates Conceptualize Campus? A Metaphor Analysis

Esin Hazar, Hatice Yıldız & Ebru Bozpolat

pp. 57 - 70   |  DOI:   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2111-09-0002.R2

Published online: June 01, 2022  |   Number of Views: 60  |  Number of Download: 183


This research examines how Turkish undergraduates construct “campus” metaphors to represent their opinions about campus phenomenon in the context of a Turkish university. The present study adopted a phenomenological approach. The participants of this study were 92 students in the 2020-2021 academic year from different faculties and departments at a university in Turkey. For data collection, a short interview form was used to reveal the perspectives of undergraduates on the phenomenon they have created in their minds for the campus. The form contained a statement with blanks for students to produce a simile and justification. The metaphors generated by the undergraduates are gathered under sixteen conceptual categories after the analysis of metaphors. Among the sixteen conceptual categories, there was no prominent difference in conceptualizations of campus between the groups in terms of study years as regards campus as “Involving diversities”, Provider”, “Designing/manufacturing”, “Source of experience”, “Improver”, “Socializing force”, “Friendship”, “Belonging”, “Source of life”, “Source of different emotions”. On the other hand, differences in terms of study year were marked concerning campus as “Dynamic”, “Undesired”, “Trust”, “Valuable”, “Full of nature”, and “Having borders”. While Freshmen/Sophomores perceived campus as “Trust”, “Full of nature” but “Having borders”, Juniors/Seniors considered campus as “Dynamic”, valuable but “Undesired”. Among the sixteen conceptual categories, there was no difference in conceptualizations of campus between the two groups in terms of gender as regards campus as “Provider”, “Designing/manufacturing”, “Source of experience”, “Improver”, “Friendship”, “Belonging”, “Source of life”, “Source of different emotions”. Nevertheless, differences in terms of gender were marked concerning campus as “Socializing force”, “Dynamic”, “Undesired”, “Trust”, “Valuable”, “Full of nature”, and “Having borders”. Female students perceived campus as a “Socializing force”, “Dynamic”, “Trust”, “Valuable”, and “Full of nature” whereas a male student considered it as “Having borders” like a country.

Keywords: Campus, Undergraduates, Metaphor

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Hazar, E., Yildiz, H. & Bozpolat, E. (2022). How do Undergraduates Conceptualize Campus? A Metaphor Analysis . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(3), 57-70. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2022.439.5

Hazar, E., Yildiz, H. and Bozpolat, E. (2022). How do Undergraduates Conceptualize Campus? A Metaphor Analysis . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(3), pp. 57-70.

Chicago 16th edition
Hazar, Esin, Hatice Yildiz and Ebru Bozpolat (2022). "How do Undergraduates Conceptualize Campus? A Metaphor Analysis ". International Journal of Progressive Education 18 (3):57-70. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2022.439.5.

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