International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2022, Vol. 18(3) 165-182

The Listening Barriers Scale for University Students: A Study of Validity and Reliability

Mehmet Katrancı & Deniz Melanlıoğlu

pp. 165 - 182   |  DOI:   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2108-05-0001.R1

Published online: June 01, 2022  |   Number of Views: 180  |  Number of Download: 293


Being the most used skill in the school environment as well as being the first skill to be acquired, listening can be defined as making sense of the sounds heard in the communication process and responding as a result of this interpretation. The fact that the response given at the end of a listening process is appropriate for the context is associated with completing the listening process without encountering any obstacles. However, the conducted studies emphasize that students encounter many listening barriers during the listening process. It is considered that it is important for the development of listening skills to detect the barriers to effective listening, which is a major source of school learning, at every education level from pre-school to university. In this context, the aim of the study is to develop a scale to determine the listening barriers encountered by university students in the course process. The data of the research were obtained from 587 students studying in different departments of Kırıkkale University in Turkey. In the development of the measurement tool, literature review, item pooling, content validity (consulting to expert opinion), and pilot scheme stages were followed, and then necessary reliability calculations were carried out. In line with the scores obtained from the tool, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was carried out in order to test the construct validity of the draft scale. As a result of the factor analysis, it was determined that the scale revealed a three-factor structure classified as “teacher related listening barriers”, “student related listening barriers”, and “classroom environment and course related listening barriers”, and the Cronbach’s Alpha internal consistency coefficient was detected as .93 for the overall scale. As a result of the research, a 30-item scale was developed to determine the listening barriers encountered by university students.

Keywords: Listening Skill, Listening Barriers, Academic Listening, University Students, Listening Barriers Scale

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Katranci, M. & Melanlioglu, D. (2022). The Listening Barriers Scale for University Students: A Study of Validity and Reliability . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(3), 165-182. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2022.439.12

Katranci, M. and Melanlioglu, D. (2022). The Listening Barriers Scale for University Students: A Study of Validity and Reliability . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(3), pp. 165-182.

Chicago 16th edition
Katranci, Mehmet and Deniz Melanlioglu (2022). "The Listening Barriers Scale for University Students: A Study of Validity and Reliability ". International Journal of Progressive Education 18 (3):165-182. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2022.439.12.

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