International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 2834-7919   |  e-ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2023, Vol. 19(2) 173-189

Development of Turkish Speaking Anxiety Scale

Mahmut Ayaz, Süleyman Kasap & Zafer Açar

pp. 173 - 189   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2023.534.11   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2209-09-0002.R2

Published online: April 01, 2023  |   Number of Views: 120  |  Number of Download: 217


Abstract

This study aims to develop a Turkish speaking anxiety scale (TSAS) for secondary school students whose mother tongue is not Turkish. Likewise, our study aims to develop a measurement tool that will determine the effect of this difference on second language speaking anxiety, since the subjects of our study are individuals who do not receive education in their mother tongue but receive education in a second language. The scale, which was prepared during the scale development process, was applied to 368 8th grade students whose mother tongue was Kurdish and who learned Turkish later. The results of the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) showed that the 25 items in the scale were collected in three factors. These are: "Anxiety", "Reluctance" and "Inadequacy". This three-factor structure obtained as a result of the EFA analysis was confirmed by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). It is seen that these three factors contribute %43,923 to the total variance. It is seen that the factor load values of the items are between 0.375 and 0.746. Considering the item analysis results, it was concluded that the items in the scale were distinctive. In addition, as a result of ANOVA, it was revealed that students' Turkish speaking anxieties differed significantly in terms of gender, mother's knowledge of Turkish, and the language that parents wanted to be spoken at home. However, it was observed that there was no significant difference in the father's Turkish proficiency. The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients of this triple factor structure in the scale were calculated as 0.904, 0.829, and 0.733, respectively, and the alpha coefficient for all items of the scale was calculated as 0.927. As a result of the reliability and validity analyzes, it was concluded that the Turkish speaking anxiety scale is a reliable and valid measurement tool.

Keywords: Language Acquisition, Speech Anxiety, Bilingualism, Mother Tongue Education


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Ayaz, M., Kasap, S. & Acar, Z. (2023). Development of Turkish Speaking Anxiety Scale . International Journal of Progressive Education, 19(2), 173-189. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2023.534.11

Harvard
Ayaz, M., Kasap, S. and Acar, Z. (2023). Development of Turkish Speaking Anxiety Scale . International Journal of Progressive Education, 19(2), pp. 173-189.

Chicago 16th edition
Ayaz, Mahmut, Suleyman Kasap and Zafer Acar (2023). "Development of Turkish Speaking Anxiety Scale ". International Journal of Progressive Education 19 (2):173-189. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2023.534.11.

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