International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2022, Vol. 18(4) 75-89

Developing a Reading Comprehension Support Program for Primary School Students with Specific Learning Disabilities

Engi̇n Yılmaz & Macid Ayhan Melekoğlu

pp. 75 - 89   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2022.459.6   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2203-22-0006.R2

Published online: August 01, 2022  |   Number of Views: 61  |  Number of Download: 123


Abstract

Specific learning disabilities (SLD) is a general term referring to a heterogeneous group of disorders displayed by individuals with special needs. SLD refers to disorders in reading, writing and mathematics. A large proportion of students with SLD need support in reading as well as in reading comprehension skills, an important component and ultimate goal of reading. In this direction, this study aimed to develop the content of a reading comprehension program for second, third and fourth grade students with SLD. Designed as phenomenology which is a qualitative research approach, this study used semi-structured interview, observation, assessment tool administration, literature review and document analysis. Teachers reported that students with SLD have difficulties in reading, writing, reading fluency and reading comprehension; they lack self-confidence and need to be educated in special learning environments; they need support in Turkish and mathematics classes and a reading comprehension program is necessary for them. It was identified that expository and narrative texts and poems were used in primary school programs and some reading comprehension skills were acquired. There were two acquisitions related to reading comprehension in the SLD support program without any specifications as to how these should be taught and what content should be used. This study was limited to interviews conducted with five teachers and observations with 14 students with SLD and eight students with typical development. Although the studies on students with SLD have increased in Turkey in recent years, support programs that can be used at different education levels to improve reading, reading comprehension, writing and math skills for students with SLD are still limited. The program developed within the scope of this research was developed as printed material. Further studies can be planned to use the program in technological platforms by using tablets, computers, etc.

Keywords: Specific Learning Disabilities, Reading Comprehension, Reading Comprehension Program, Dyslexia


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yilmaz, E. & Melekoglu, M.A. (2022). Developing a Reading Comprehension Support Program for Primary School Students with Specific Learning Disabilities . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(4), 75-89. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2022.459.6

Harvard
Yilmaz, E. and Melekoglu, M. (2022). Developing a Reading Comprehension Support Program for Primary School Students with Specific Learning Disabilities . International Journal of Progressive Education, 18(4), pp. 75-89.

Chicago 16th edition
Yilmaz, Engi̇n and Macid Ayhan Melekoglu (2022). "Developing a Reading Comprehension Support Program for Primary School Students with Specific Learning Disabilities ". International Journal of Progressive Education 18 (4):75-89. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2022.459.6.

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