Authors submitting their work to IJPE are obliged to meet the ethical principles stated below:
Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the study. Authorship has been agreed prior to submission and that no one has been ‘gifted’ authorship or denied credit as an author (“ghost authorship”).
Acknowledgements: Those (institutions and financial resources) who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be acknowledged in an Acknowledgements section.
Originality and purity of plagiarism: The submitted work should be entirely owned by the authors. If the work of other researchers is included in the manuscript, it should be cited appropriately and listed in the references. The author is obliged to check the manuscript with one of the plagiarism prevention software, Turnit-in or iThenticate, and submit the similarity report to the journal for application. Manuscripts with a similarity rate of 15% or more will not be considered.
Ethics committee permission and approval: Authors are required to describe in their manuscripts ethical approval from an appropriate committee and how consent was obtained from participants when research involves human participants.
Redundant publication: Authors are expected to submit original, previously unpublished content to IJPE. It is unacceptable to submit the work for a review to another journal at the same time.
Salami publication or salami slicing: Authors should not present the results of a research as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions by disaggregating and disseminating the results of the research in an inappropriate manner and disrupting the integrity of the research.
Data access and retention: Authors are required to submit the raw data of their research when requested by the editors and referees, and keep this data after publication.
Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published article, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.